A major study between the Bank for International Settlements and the Bank of England found that a retail central bank digital currency could make peer-to-peer payments cheaper and easier.
The Bank of England (BoE) is a step closer to launching its central bank digital currency dubbed “Britcoin” following the conclusion of a trial study called Project Rosalind.
The Bank for International Settlements and the BoE launched the joint experiment in July 2022 to explore how prototypes of an application programming interface (API) could be implemented in retail CBDC transactions.
A June 16 report that summed up phase two of Project Rosalind found a CBDC could make payments between individuals cheaper and more efficient while allowing firms to create new financial products that work to reduce fraudulent financial activity.
Overall, the study developed 33 API functionalities and explored “more than 30 retail CBDC use cases.”
In addition to looking at how a CBDC would function on smartphones, retail vendors and online stores, the study also explored the concept of “programmability” — a term that refers to customizing digital money to behave in specific ways once certain conditions are met.
CBDC programmability has been met with considerable skepticism, as critics claim a CBDC could be programmed to “work against” those who use it.
Overall, the study concluded a “well-designed” API layer could enable a central bank to interact with the private sector to “safely provide” retail CBDC payments.
“The Rosalind experiment has advanced central bank innovation in two key areas: by exploring how an API layer could support a retail CBDC system and how it could facilitate safe and secure CBDC payments through a range of different use cases,” said Francesca Road, head of the BIS London Innovation Hub in a press release.
Despite the positive findings yielded in Project Rosalind, BoE Deputy Governor Jon Cunliffe said a final decision on if the country would launch a CBDC is still “some years” away.
According to a June 16 Bloomberg report, Cunliffe told attendees of Politico’s Global Tech Day conference that the odds of a CBDC project going ahead currently stand at “seven out of ten.”
On the same day the findings from Project Rosalind were released, enterprise blockchain Quant Network announced its role as a vendor in the study. The announcement saw the price of Quant’s native QNT QNT $100.17 token surge more than 20% from $96 to $117 within 12 hours.